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SECONDARY: RESEARCH

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ELEMENTARY & SECONDARY BOOK SEARCH

BOOLEAN OPERATORS

AND (in capitals) groups two search terms together and eliminates results that don't include both.
Example: weather AND storms:

  • Purple area in middle shows focused results.
  • Some databases and search engines (such as Google) include AND even if you don't write it.
  • AND narrows results.
  • Some use + instead of AND.

OR expands a search to include both terms.
Results include one term or the other.
Example: weather OR storms

  • If you're not getting enough results, OR finds more for you.

 

NOT removes terms from a search.
Narrows your search.
Example: weather NOT storms

Red area shows results, any mention of storms (even if weather is present) are removed.

  • NOT ignores certain results that you don't want.
  • Some use - instead of NOT.

(Parentheses) require terms inside to be searched first.
Similar to BEDMAS (brackets is first letter)
Example: (Canada OR Ontario) AND weather

Purple area shows results, so results are compound search of:

  • Canada AND weather
  • Ontario AND weather
  • Parentheses also known as NESTING

"Quotation marks" search for a series of words two or more words in EXACT ORDER.
Example: "Canadian Shield"
Canadian Shield without quotation marks could find results:

  • that mention Canadian
  • that mention shield
  • as well as those for Canadian Shield

You could end up with results about Canadian money or medieval armour.
Search for song title by entering a few words in quotations.
Quotation eliminate finding root word in larger words

  • "challenge" instead of challenged, challenger, challenges, etc.,

Truncation* broadens a search to find multiple endings and/or spellings.
Add an asterisk * to end of root word.
Example: child*

  • child
  • childs
  • children
  • childrens
  • childhood

Wildcards substitute ? for a letter in word.
The wildcard can subsitute 0 or 1 character.
Helpful when spelling might be different.
Example: colo?r

  • color, colour

Example: wom?n

  • woman, women, womyn

SECONDARY DATABASES

Online Resources

Learn360 Logo

National Film Board of Canada - Wikipedia

National Film Board of Canada currently provides free
streaming of all of their films.

RESEARCH PROCESS

THE RESEARCH PROCESS - AN OVERVIEW

STAGE 1: PREPARING FOR RESEARCH:
define what you are being asked to do, explore necessary resources that relate to your research, identify the essential information needed, and relate the research to your previous learning.

STAGE 2: ACCESSING RESOURCES:
locate resources, select the most useful resources available, gather the resources, and collaborate to be sure that you have accessed appropriate resources.

STAGE 3: PROCESSING INFORMATION:
analyze and evaluate research methods and sources, test your working thesis as it relates to the information that you've collected, sort your information into categories, and synthesize what you have learned.

STAGE 4: TRANSFERRING LEARNING:
revise rough drafts, present information in a polished format, reflect on the research process, and transfer learning to other areas.

On Your Own

OVERVIEW OF STAGE ONE: PREPARE FOR RESEARCH USEFUL TOOLS

1) DEFINE what you're being asked to do.

2) EXPLORE the necessary resources that relate to your research.

3) IDENTIFY the essential information needed.

4) RELATE your research to your previous learning.

For further information, see On Your Own (pp. 5-10)

Making a Research Plan

Plagiarism Tutorial

Question Generator

Graphic Organizers

OVERVIEW OF STAGE TWO: ACCESS RESOURCES USEFUL TOOLS

1) LOCATE your resources

2) SELECT the most valuable resources 

3) GATHER the resources

4) COLLABORATE to ensure that you have accessed the appropriate resources.

For further information, see On Your Own (pp. 11-22)

Search Engines

News Services

Magazines

Government Resources


Search Engines

It's hard to believe, but Google is not the only search engine out there. What's more, it's not always the best research tool. For more info regarding how Google limits your search results, watch the video below.


News Services

Check current events, research news from the past, compare cultural viewpoints, and follow the latest in arts, sports, and the environment.

London Free Press

London Free Press

St. Thomas Times Journal

St. Thomas Times Journal

Woodstock Sentinel Review

Woodstock Sentinel Review

CBC News

CBC News Archives

The Globe and Mail

Canoe.ca

Google News


Magazines

Many traditional print magazines offer online versions. Browse these to help with research.


Government Resources

For an A-Z list of all government agencies, click here

OVERVIEW OF STAGE THREE: PROCESS INFORMATION USEFUL TOOLS

1) ANALYZE and evaluate research methods and resources

2) TEST your working thesis as it relates to the information you've collected

3) SORT your information into categories

4) SYNTHESIZE what you have learned

For further explanation, see On Your Own (pp. 34-52)

On Your Own

Graphic Organizers

OVERVIEW OF STAGE FOUR: TRANSFER LEARNING USEFUL TOOLS

1) REVISE rough drafts

2) PRESENT information in a polished format

3) REFLECT on the research process

4) TRANSFER learning to other areas

For more explanation, see On Your Own (pp. 53-126)

Turnitin

Easybib Chrome Extension

Citation Machine

Bibme

Copyright Matters